Gauguin, Paul

(1848-1903)
   painter, sculptor, engraver
   Born in Paris, Paul Gauguin spent part of his childhood in Peru (1850-55). He served in the merchant marine (1865) before becoming a successful Parisian stockbroker (1871). In 1874, after meeting camille pissaro and viewing the first impressionist exhibition, Gauguin became a collector and amateur painter, exhibiting with the impressionists in 1876, 1880, 1881, 1882, and 1886. In 1883, he left his career, as well as his wife and children, to devote himself exclusively to his painting and his art. From 1886 to 1891, he lived mainly in rural Brittany (except for a visit to Panama and Martinique in 1887 and 1888, respectively) where he was the center of a small group of experimental painters known as the school of Pont-Aven. Under the influence of emile Bernard, he turned from impressionism to synthetism, finding inspiration in medieval and indigenous art as well as Japanese prints, to which he was introduced by vincent van gogh during a stay in Arles in 1888. In 1891, severely in debt, Gauguin left Europe for the South Pacific. Except for one visit to France (1893-95), he remained there for the rest of his life, first in Tahiti and later in the Marquesas Islands. While his essential style remained the same, under the influence of Polynesian culture his paintings became more powerful, with the subject matter more distinct and the composition simplified (Sur la plage (1891); Quand te maries-tu (1892); L'Esprit des morts veille (1893). His masterpieces include Les Seins aux fleurs rouges (1897) and D'où venons-nous? (1897), which he painted before a failed suicide attempt. Gauguin realized the importance of his work, which would have a profound influence on artists of the 20th century (Derain, Picasso, Modigliani, Munch) and would lead directly to the fauvist and expressionist styles and schools of art.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gauguin, Paul — ▪ French painter Introduction in full  Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin  born June 7, 1848, Paris, France died May 8, 1903, Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia       French painter, printmaker, and sculptor who sought to achieve a… …   Universalium

  • Gauguin, Paul — ► (1848 1903) Pintor francés. Iniciado por Pisarro, participó desde 1879 en las exposiciones de los impresionistas. El invierno de 1886 87 fue trascendental para la evolución de su arte: Gauguin colaboró entonces con el ceramista E. Champlet en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gauguin, Paul — (6/7/1848 Paris 5/9/1903 Marquesas Island) (France / Polynesia) Painter, sculptor, ceramicist, graphic artist, seaman, bank employee, and writer. He trained under the sculptor Jule Bouillot, studied at the Academie Colarossi, and with Pissaro. He …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Gauguin — Gauguin, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gauguin — Paul Gauguin: Selbstporträt, 1893 Unterschrift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Gauguin — Nom de naissance Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin Naissance 7 juin 1848 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gauguin — Paul Gauguin Autoportrait, (1893) Musée d Orsay, Paris Paul Gauguin (° 7 juin 1848 † 8 mai 1903) est un peintre post impressionniste. Chef de file de l École de Pont Aven et inspirateur des …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul G. Allen — Paul Allen (2005) Paul Allen (mit Sonnenbrille) bei der Preisverleihung des Ansari X Prize am 6. November 2004 Paul Gardner Allen (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Gardner Allen — Paul Allen (2005) Paul Allen (mit Sonnenbrille) bei der Preisverleihung des Ansari X Prize am 6. November 2004 Paul Gardner Allen (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gauguin — (Paul) (1848 1903) peintre français. à Pont Aven (Finistère) (1886 et 1888), à Arles, avec Van Gogh (1888), en Polynésie (à Tahiti, de 1895 à 1901, puis aux Marquises), il élabora le synthétisme et accentua la couleur des aplats par des contours… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.